The Trapezius muscle is a large, paired muscle located in the back of the neck and thorax.
The "Traps" are largely involved in movements of the shoulder girdle and is considered as a muscle of the upper limb rather than of the back. The Trapezius muscle acts as a posture stabilizer and a movement muscle. Common actions you may recognize in which the Trapezius is involved include shrugging your shoulders, tilting, turning and extending your neck and keeping your shoulder blades down your back.
There are several possible causes of trapezius pain.
Overuse: Pain in the trapezius often develops due to overuse. Repetitive activities that involve the shoulders can put stress on the muscle. These activities may include lifting heavy objects or participating in specific sports, such as swimming.
Stress: It is common for people to tense the muscles of the shoulder and neck when they feel stressed.
Poor posture: Poor posture can place added stress on the trapezius. Hunching over a desk or computer keyboard for many hours can result in the muscle becoming shortened and tight.
Trauma: A muscle tear from placing too much force on the muscle can lead to pain.
Dealing with Trapezius pain?
Here is a stretch you can do right at home!
This stretch involves both the neck and the upper trapezius
1. Begin by putting your right arm behind you and grabbing it with your left hand
2. Pull the hand gently toward your left foot
3. Tilt your left ear toward your left shoulder.
4. Repeat on the other side.